Is Serum Sickness An Autoimmune Disease?

What does serum sickness look like?

The onset of serum sickness-like reaction is usually 1–3 weeks (can be as early as 1–2 days) after exposure to the medication.

The rash associated with serum sickness-like reaction is usually: Urticaria or hive-like lesions that last minutes to hours, reappearing elsewhere.

Often intensely itchy..

What are the 4 types of hypersensitivity?

Type I: Immediate Hypersensitivity (Anaphylactic Reaction) These allergic reactions are systemic or localized, as in allergic dermatitis (e.g., hives, wheal and erythema reactions). … Type II: Cytotoxic Reaction (Antibody-dependent) … Type III: Immune Complex Reaction. … Type IV: Cell-Mediated (Delayed Hypersensitivity)

What are the signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity?

Signs and symptoms of acute, subacute, and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may include flu-like illness including fever, chills, muscle or joint pain, or headaches; rales; cough; chronic bronchitis; shortness of breath; anorexia or weight loss; fatigue; fibrosis of the lungs; and clubbing of fingers or toes.

What medications cause serum sickness?

Some of the drugs associated with serum sickness are:allopurinol.barbiturates.captopril.cephalosporins.crofab.griseofulvin.penicillins.phenytoin.More items…

Is serum sickness serious?

While it can cause serious symptoms, serum sickness typically goes away on its own within a week to six weeks. If you’ve recently taken medication containing nonhuman proteins and are having symptoms, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Can serum sickness last for months?

Treatment of serum sickness-like reaction Affected children usually recover within a few days of ceasing the offending medication, without any consequences. There have been reports of prolonged rash and/or joint symptoms lasting for several months but these have eventually resolved completely.

What causes rash and nausea?

Signs of Allergies. Food allergies are the most likely allergies to cause nausea and/or vomiting. … Histamine can cause a variety of symptoms, including rash, headache, sneezing, runny nose and swelling — and in the case of food allergies, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

How long does serum sickness reaction last?

Serum sickness usually improves in 7 to 10 days, with full recovery in 2 to 4 weeks. However, it may lead to nervous system disorders and a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis, so it is important to get medical treatment.

Why does serum sickness occur?

Serum sickness is an immune response that’s similar to an allergic reaction. It happens when antigens (substances that trigger an immune response) in certain medications and antiserums cause your immune system to react. The antigens involved in serum sickness are proteins from nonhuman sources — usually animals.

How do you test for serum sickness?

The following studies are indicated in patients with serum sickness:CBC with differential – Leukocytosis or leukopenia, eosinophilia, or mild thrombocytopenia.Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein levels – Usually slightly elevated.Urinalysis – Proteinuria, hematuria, active sediment.More items…•

What is the hypersensitivity?

Hypersensitivity reactions are an overreaction of the immune system to an antigen which would not normally trigger an immune response. The antigen may be something which would in most people be ignored – peanuts, for example, or it may originate from the body.

What type of hypersensitivity is serum sickness?

Pathophysiology. When a patient is exposed to a foreign serum protein, it takes approximately 6-10 days for antibodies to develop and form antigen-antibody complexes and is considered a Type III immune-mediated hypersensitivity reaction.

How do you treat serum sickness?

Treatment for serum sickness is aimed at reducing symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines or analgesics (NSAIDs), along with topical medications to relieve itching or rash. In serious cases, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids, such as prednisone. Normally, there is no need for hospitalization.

Can a bee sting cause serum sickness?

Serum sickness is a type of delayed reaction that occurs a week to 10 days after a sting and may cause itching, rash, fever, joint pain, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.

Is rheumatoid arthritis a type 4 hypersensitivity?

Type IV Hypersensitivity Reactions Antigen is taken up, processed, and presented by macrophages or dendritic cells. … TH17 cells have been implicated in contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis.